The EU Green Deal and the Paris Agreement: Working Towards a Sustainable Future

In December 2015, 196 countries adopted the Paris Agreement, a global commitment to combat climate change. The agreement`s goal is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while also pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. One of the signatories of this agreement was the European Union (EU), which decided to further its commitment to sustainability through the EU Green Deal.

What is the EU Green Deal?

The EU Green Deal is a comprehensive plan to make the EU`s economy sustainable by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving air and water quality, and promoting the use of renewable energy and sustainable agriculture. This initiative was launched in December 2019 by the European Commission, the executive branch of the EU. It aims to transform the EU into a climate-neutral continent by 2050, which means that the EU would no longer contribute to climate change by emitting more greenhouse gases than it absorbs.

How does the EU Green Deal align with the Paris Agreement?

The EU Green Deal aligns with the Paris Agreement by setting ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The plan includes a target of reducing the EU`s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels. This target is more ambitious than the EU`s previous target of a 40% reduction by 2030. The EU`s goal is to reach net-zero emissions by 2050, which means that any remaining emissions would be absorbed by carbon sinks such as forests or through carbon capture and storage technologies.

The EU Green Deal also promotes the use of renewable energy and sustainable agriculture, which are vital for achieving the Paris Agreement`s goals. The EU aims to increase the share of renewable energy sources to at least 32% of the EU`s gross final energy consumption by 2030. This will be achieved through various measures, such as promoting the use of wind and solar power, modernizing the EU`s energy grid, and investing in research and development.

In addition, the EU Green Deal aims to protect biodiversity and promote sustainable agriculture. The EU will invest in research and innovation to improve the sustainability of agriculture and reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers. The plan also includes measures to protect forests and halt deforestation, which are vital for absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.


The EU Green Deal is a comprehensive plan that aligns with the Paris Agreement`s goals and sets ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This plan will be vital for achieving a sustainable future and combating the negative effects of climate change. The EU`s commitment to a sustainable future sets an example for other nations to follow and encourages global cooperation towards a common goal.